The ovary is a very important organ in a woman’s body. Ovarian cysts are fluid loaded sacs that develop on or in the ovary. They are normal in almost all women who have not reached menopause. Most ovarian cysts are harmless and dissolve on their own after a while, however, what are ovarian cancer symptoms? Unfortunately a cyst may at times be big that it cannot dissolve, instead it will grow and cause discomfort.
Worried about reoccurring ovarian cyst?
How do you know if you have an ovarian cyst?
Signs and symptoms to look out for
- Pelvic pain
This can come as a slight, serious or simply a sharp pain that comes on suddenly. This pain can be felt right from the pelvic all the way to the lower back and thighs. You can experience this pelvic pain when you are about to get your periods or just before you conclude them. Another instance of ovarian cyst related pelvic pain is felt during intercourse.
- Pain during bowel movement
Ideally passing waste should be a smooth process and any pain characterizing it is a sign that something is wrong. Having ovarian cysts will put pressure on your bowels making you feel intense pain when releasing waste.
- Breast tenderness
Breast tenderness is normally a sign of pregnancy. In fact breast tenderness signifying ovarian cysts can be quite confusing as it comes along with all other signs of pregnancy. For instance you will experience nausea, and even vomiting.
- Change in your periods
A change in a woman’s periods may also signify the existence of an ovarian cyst. For example a change from regular periods to extremely heavy, irregular, or lighter than normal periods.
- Feeling bloated or having a swollen tummy
There is a way you will eat just a little food but end up feeling very full. This is not fullness that signify normal satisfaction. Instead you will feel very uncomfortable.
- The urge to urinate frequently
Ovarian cysts can exert so much pressure on your abdomen. This in turn gives you the urge to urinate frequently. At times you may find yourself unable to completely empty your bladder and instead hold back some urine.
What tests will confirm you have ovarian cysts?
Your gynecologist will perform a number of tests to confirm the existence of ovarian cysts. Such tests include
- Laboratory tests which involve you undergoing a complete blood count test. This helps confirm if you have any infection or you are bleeding internally.
- A pregnancy test to help rule out issues of an ectopic pregnancy
- A pelvic ultrasound that will show the extent at which the ovarian cyst has affected you. The ultrasound is able to show the size, number, and content of the cyst. Content in terms of whether it is filled with blood or urine.
- A CT scan or MRI to show whether the cyst is malignant or not and how it has affected surrounding organs. If it is malignant then it means it cannot be treated or controlled and will eventually cause death.
Note that the only way to be sure you have an ovarian cyst is by having a doctor conduct the above mentioned tests. This is because the symptoms of cysts are common for other diseases affecting women as well, these may not be symptoms of ovarian cancer. It is therefore important that as a woman you maintain regular visits to your gynecologist for checkup.